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Sunday, 11 April 2021

How operating system visualization is important for Industry 4.0 to promote practical research


How operating system visualization is important for Industry 4.0 to promote practical research?

A systematic review of current research in the domain of education and technology

Table 1: Supporting martial and selected research paper for the current study

Papers Gap

Purpose of study

Paper titles



Operating system overview  


Operating system depend on types and work efficiency

Francis-Mezger & Weaver, 2018


Operating system in educational domains

Operating system virtualization in the education of computer science students

Cvetkovski, 2019


Operating system in educational domains in the sense of speed and coverage

5G Support for Industrial Industry 4.0  Applications— Challenges and their Solutions

Varga et al., 2020



The operating system allows users to perform simple programming functions (OS). Both programmers and peripherals are controlled by the operating system, which often makes use of the central processing unit (CPU) for memory and storage. It also allows a computer to run several programmers at the same time. An operating system is required for all computers, including laptops, tablets, Smartphone’s, and servers. Developers may use operating systems that are optimized for scripting and programming, while the typical employee is more inclined to execute routine tasks in their own setting. Microsoft Windows, Apple OS X, Linux distributions, and Android Smartphone operating systems are the most common operating systems.

operating system

Virtualization is a technique for running various operating systems on single portable computers. Cloud computing can be used for mainstream hardware, vast server networks, and virtualization applications. Virtualization is simple on the top, but it also enables the use of capabilities that may otherwise be unavailable or impossible to reach on non-virtualized infrastructures. In this regard, the objectives of this report is to provide an overview of virtualization and its implementations, as well as to track how it can be used in programming classes and to equip whole computer laboratories with virtualization capabilities. Students, research managers, and graduate users who perform self-analysis of operating systems and their implementations will benefit from this study (Cvetkovski, 2019).

Operating system virtualization

For industrial Industry 4.0 connectivity, high reliability, low latency, stability, and protection are all requirements. These are inevitably provided by 5G network networks, rendering it a good candidate for promoting Industrial industry 4.0 scenarios. The aim of this paper is to identify current research problems and solutions in relation to 5G-enabled industrial Industry 4.0 based on original requirements and guarantees from both realms. The method used in the essay involves mapping out the most recent technologies, comparing results to identify additional issues, and drawing conclusions as lessons for each research area. Themes covered include Industry 4.0 frameworks and standards, mobile edge cloud, back-end performance optimization, communication virtualization capability, cryptography, industry 4.0 block chain technology, 5G deep learning technology, and business enterprise networking (Varga et al., 2020).

Industry 4.0  in education

Review and literature

The operating system is the software's base of every machine or handheld device. This is due to the fact that it is needed for other programmes to run. An operating system, as the name implies, is a system that aids in the efficient operation of computers on a computer or cell phone. The term "operating system" was first used to refer to a computer operating system in the early days of computers. Any machine or portable device's operating system is the software's foundation. This is due to the fact that it is needed for the operation of other programmes. As the term means, an operating system helps in the smooth running of machines on a device or a mobile phone. In the early days of computing, the word "operating machine" was first used to refer to a computer operating system. From a human time scale, a multitasking operating system requires more than one application to run at the same time. There is only one application operating in a single task scheme.

To comprehend why virtualization is so valuable to education, it is necessary to first comprehend what it is. Virtualization can be divided into two categories. The first is related to the school's server use. By running multiple virtual machines on a single physical server, server virtualization enables a single physical server to perform multiple functions. When it comes to cost savings, this has a double benefit. For starters, it lowers the physical cost of using multiple servers. In the new model, 95 percent of a server's power is not used on computers without virtual machines. Schools' hardware costs would drop if they virtualized so they would be able to use servers more safely and easily. Server virtualization will also save money by making it easier for multiple school systems to exchange data. When new educational materials are distributed, sharing them in a simulated world is always as simple as sending a file copy (Cvetkovski, 2019).

The desktop virtualization is another popular form of virtualization. Classrooms must continue to apply to their curricula as programming knowledge becomes more important to survive in the real world. Students will need a separate desk for their lessons and scheduling when this is taking place. If the school requires each classroom to have a desktop computer suited to the student's needs, a student can be assigned a special laptop before virtualization. Desktop virtualization, on the other hand, encourages a student's workstation to follow him from class to class without the need for a dedicated laptop. In a crisis recovery situation, this approach also provides better protection for student data. When a student's machine fails or ceases running for some cause, the entire desktop can be transferred from one workstation to another without difficulties. This not only saves money on professional resources because a pupil who is unable to access their files requires assistance or risks skipping the day's class, but it also saves the hassle of trying to start again (Cvetkovski, 2019).

5G refers to the fifth generation of mobile-based electronic network architecture. It was inspired by a variety of reasons, some of which are solely related to connectivity, such as providing high-speed broadband services to highly populated areas, and those less related to communications, such as a battery life of more than ten years. Extended standards for very stable and low latency Improved mobile broadband, so-called critical communication scenarios (and predicted machine type mass communication, or industry 4.0), are among the traffic-related drivers, Massive traffic specifications for Industry 4.0 (Internet of Things). Industrial Industry 4.0 is one of the emerging areas in which 5G provides mobile mobile connectivity, especially in terms of extremely reliable and low latency connectivity needs. This thesis aims to provide an overall picture of how 5G and associated emerging technologies and approaches are expected to support the needs of industrial players (Varga et al., 2020).

Research gap

The articles mentioned to describe a variety of use cases and architectures for implementing learning systems and technology for excellence performance in education, but few of them have individual demonstrations.

Table 2: Research gap and implementation in real world

Research Gap

Technology dependency

Realizations and operating systems


Authors details



real-world demonstration

5G in a real-world industrial application

Varga et al., 2020



system architecture

5G communication system architecture for manufacturing

Karrenbauer et al., 2019


mobility, reliability


High level overview of 5G and Industry 4.0

Rao & Prasad, 2018


Multi-access Edge Computing


5G for Industry 4.0  in smart manufacturing

Cheng et al., 2018


mmWave, MIMO, beamforming


5G Positioning

Lu et al., 2018



system architecture

4G system architecture for tactile internet

Sachs et al., 2018


Edge-cloud, network slice


3G for telesurgery

Miao et al., 2018


network slicing

system architecture

2G network slicing framework for Industry 4.0

Taleb et al., 2018


Operating system in educational domains

real-world demonstration, measurements

real-world demonstration frameworks

Chang et al., 2018


Operating system types and concepts

system architecture

system architecture origin


O'Brien, 2017


Table 2 summarizes the use cases mentioned in the example presented above. The table shows how many use cases for the key features of the operating system, simulation of visualization, and application of 5G other 5G technologies for education learning sectors for students is addressed. We see how various researchers realized the use cases step by step in the realization column. The various papers present many use cases for several 5G innovations in various environments (manufacturing, telesurgery, placement, and construction management), demonstrating that 5G can be commonly used in the educational industry and improve learning efficiency through simulation principles.


Virtualization is a way of running multiple operating systems on a physical computer at the same time. Virtualization can be run on virtually any computer, from chip systems to large data centers and cloud environments. Simple on the surface, virtualization uses capabilities that would not be available or too difficult to obtain from non-virtualized hardware. Virtualization gives the table several advantages: simultaneous operation of non-integrated hardware; developers using virtualization can, with a fraction of the effort, develop a full understanding of existing operating systems or work on their development, without having to have all the different hardware in place; Today, virtualization is a mature technology that is supported by both a larger CPU design and required virtualization software, and is already an insoluble part of production environments. With that, computer virtualization should also become an inseparable part of computer science education in which students can perform fast experiments at home using network technology. Along with the benefits of virtualization, the burden will be borne by this new technology from students, according to knowledge faculty who prepare future IT experts. Industrial Industry 4.0 has special communication requirements that used for fast speed educational analysis using different types of network speeds imbed with orating systems, including high reliability, low latency, flexibility, and security. These are instinctively provided by 5G mobile technology, making it a successful candidate to support Industrial Industry 4.0 scenarios. The objective of this is to identify current research challenges and solutions in relation to 5G-enabled industrial Industry 4.0 for educational infrastructure and frameworks, building on the original requirements and promises of both domains. These areas include Industry 4.0 applications and their requirements; In addition to examining current challenges and solutions, the studies aims to provide meaningful comparisons for each of these areas (relatively 5G-enabled industry 4.0) to draw conclusions about current research gaps for history of operating systems towards students visualization at home using high speed technology.

References (APA Style)

Chang, C. Y., Lai, C. L., & Hwang, G. J. (2018). Trends and research issues of mobile learning studies in nursing education: A review of academic publications from 1971 to 2016. Computers & Education116, 28-48.

Cvetkovski,…(2019). A. operating system virtualization in the education of computer science students.

Francis-Mezger, P., & Weaver, V. M. (2018, October). A raspberry pi operating system for exploring advanced memory system concepts. In Proceedings of the International Symposium on Memory Systems (pp. 354-364).

Karrenbauer, M., Ludwig, S., Buhr, H., Klessig, H., Bernardy, A., Wu, H., ... & Fitzek, F. H. (2019). Future industrial networking: from use cases to wireless technologies to a flexible system architecture. at-Automatisierungstechnik67(7), 526-544.

Lu, Y., Richter, P., & Lohan, E. S. (2018, June). Opportunities and Challenges in the Industrial Internet of Things based on 5G Positioning. In 2018 8th International Conference on Localization and GNSS (ICL-GNSS) (pp. 1-6). IEEE.

Miao, Y., Jiang, Y., Peng, L., Hossain, M. S., & Muhammad, G. (2018). Telesurgery robot based on 5G tactile internet. Mobile Networks and Applications23(6), 1645-1654.

O'Brien, D. (2017, June). Teaching operating systems concepts with SystemTap. In Proceedings of the 2017 ACM Conference on Innovation and Technology in Computer Science Education (pp. 335-340).

Rao, S. K., & Prasad, R. (2018). Impact of 5G technologies on industry 4.0. Wireless personal communications100(1), 145-159.

Sachs, J., Andersson, L. A., Araújo, J., Curescu, C., Lundsjö, J., Rune, G., ... & Wikström, G. (2018). Adaptive 5G low-latency communication for tactile internet services. Proceedings of the IEEE107(2), 325-349.

Taleb, T., Afolabi, I., & Bagaa, M. (2019). Orchestrating 5G network slices to support industrial internet and to shape next-generation smart factories. IEEE Network33(4), 146-154.

Varga, P., Peto, J., Franko, A., Balla, D., Haja, D., Janky, F., ... & Toka, L. (2020). 5g support for industrial industry 4.0  applications–challenges, solutions, and research gaps. Sensors20(3), 828.

Voigtländer, F., Ramadan, A., Eichinger, J., Lenz, C., Pensky, D., & Knoll, A. (2017, October). 5G for robotics: Ultra-low latency control of distributed robotic systems. In 2017 International Symposium on Computer Science and Intelligent Controls (ISCSIC) (pp. 69-72). IEEE.

<Academy of Expert Writer>

<About CEO>

Mr. Imran Zafar has completed his Bachelor of Science (BS) degree in Bioinformatics from COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Islamabad Sahiwal campus under supervision of Dr. Ahmad Ali and Master of Science (MS) in Bioinformatics from Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, Virtual University of Pakistan, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan under supervision of Dr. Muhammad Tariq Pervez. For research work during BS and MS he has also done internships from School of biological Science (SBS), University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (UVAS) and Center of Excellence in molecular biology (CEMB) Lahore. He has published several research articles and book computers in reputed journals recognized from Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan.  His research is mainly focused on the field of Bioinformatics, Genomics, Computational Biology and Molecular Biology in the domain of life science to performed computational analysis. He is now working in Ministry of Education as a Science subject instructor in the Department of Education Punjab, Pakistan.


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