5th and 8th Class Smart Syllabus English Notes 2021 - fisheriesindia.com

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Wednesday, 7 April 2021

5th and 8th Class Smart Syllabus English Notes 2021

 

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ENGLISH NOTS FOR CLASSES: 5th& 8th

Prepared By: Mr. Imran Zafar

Cell: 923016547807

GMPS KADARPUR MINCHINABAD



English notes




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Applications for Class 5th& 8th

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Application for sick leave

 

The Headmaster,

GOVT Primary School,

Kadarpur Minchinabad,

 

Sir,

            I beg to say that I am ill. So, I cannot come to school. Kindly grant me leave for one day.

I shall be very thankful to you.

Yours obediently,

X.Y.Z.

 

Application for an urgent piece of work

The Headmaster,

GOVT Primary School,

Kadarpur Minchinabad,

 

Sir,

        I beg to say that I have an urgent piece of work at home. So, I cannot come to School. Kindly grant me leave for one day.

I shall be very thankful to you.

Yours obediently,

X.Y.Z.

 

Application for fee concession

 

The Headmaster,

GOVT Primary School,

Kadarpur Minchinabad,

 

Sir,

I beg to say that my father is a poor man. We are a large family. He cannot pay my school fee. Kindly grant me full fee concession.

I shall be very thankful to you.

Yours obediently,

X.Y.Z.

 

 

Application for issuance of certificate

 

The Headmaster,

GOVT Primary School,

KadarpurMinchinabad,

 

Sir,

I beg to say that my father has been transferred from Multan to Lahore.All of us are goingto Lahore.Kindly grant me school leaving certificate.

I shall be very thankful to you.

Yours obediently,

X.Y.Z.

 

Application for leave due to brother’s marriage party

 

The Headmaster,

GOVT Primary School,

Kadarpur Minchinabad,

 

Sir,

I beg to say that I have to attend my brother’s marriage party. Therefore, I cannot come to school. Kindly grant me leave for four days.

I shall be very thankful to you.

Yours obediently,

X.Y.Z.

 

 

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Letters for Class 5th& 8th

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Write a letter to a friend congregating him on his success

Examination Hall,

City A.B.C.

April 23, 2015.

 

My dear friend,

Assalam-o-Alaikum!

I have received your letter yesterday. I’m very happy to know that you have stood first in your class. I congratulate to you on this great success. May Allah give you more such success in future

Salaam to everybody at home.

Yours sincerely,

X.Y.Z.

 

Write a letter to your father for send you money

Examination Hall,

City A.B.C.

April 23, 2015.

My dear father,

Assalam-o-Alaikum!

You will be glad to know that I have passed 4th class examination. Now I am in class5th .I has to buy new books and copies. Please send me one thousand rupees by money order. Salaam to everybody at home.

Your loving son,

X.Y.Z.

 

Write a letter to uncle thanking him for a gift

Examination Hall,

City A.B.C.

April 23,2015.

My dear uncle,

Assalam-o-Alaikum!

I am really thankful to you for your gift of a wrist watch on my birthday. I am very happy to get it. It will make me regular and punctual. I am grateful to you for this nice gift.

Salaam to everybody at home.

Yours sincerely,

X.Y.Z.

 

Write a letter to your friend/sister/uncle for “visited

 

Examination Hall,

City A.B.C.

April 23, 2015.

Dear friend/sister/uncle,

Assalaam-O-Alaikum. I am fine and I hope this letter will find you in the best of your health. Last Sunday, I visited to a zoo/hospital. It’s a new experience for me. I am happy. Please remember me in your prayers. Salaam to everybody at home.

Yours sincerely,

X. Y. Z.

 

Write a letter to your friend/sister/uncle for “a road accident"

 

Examination Hall,

City A.B.C.

April 23, 2015.

Dear friend/sister/uncle,

Assalaam-O-Alaikum. I am fine and I hope this letter will find you in the best of your health.

Last Sunday, I saw a road accident. It’s a new experience for me. I am sad. Please remember me in your prayers. Salaam to everybody at home.

Yours sincerely,

X. Y. Z.

 

Write a letter to your friend for “lend his camera”

Examination Hall,

City A.B.C.

April 23, 2015.

Dear friend,

Assalaam-O-Alaikum. I am fine and I hope this letter will find you in the best of your health. I need you camera. Kindly lend me your camera for one week. Please remember me in your prayers. Salaam to everybody at home.

Yours sincerely,

X. Y. Z.

 

Write a letter to your friend/sister/uncle for “my birthday gift”

 

Examination Hall,

City A.B.C.

April 23,2015.

Dear friend/sister/uncle,

Assalaam-O-Alaikum.I am fine and I hope this letter will find you in the best of your health. I am very thankful to you for my birthday gift. Please remember me in your prayers. Salaam to everybody at home.

Yours sincerely,

X. Y. Z.

 

 

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Stories for classes; 5th& 8th

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A THIRSTY CROW

 

Once there was a crow. He was very thirsty. He flew here and there in search of water. He saw a pitcher in a garden. But the water was very low. He could not drink it. Hethought of a plan. He put some stones into the pitcher. The water rose up. He drank it and flew away.

Moral: God helps those who help themselves.

OR

Necessity is the mother of invention.

 

A GREEDY DOG

 

Once there was a dog. He was very hungry. He stole a piece of meat from a butcher’s shop. He ran away. He reached a stream. He saw his own reflection in the water. He took it for another dog with a piece of meat in his mouth. He opened his mouth to get it. He lost his own piece of meat.

Moral: Greed is a curse.

 

 

THE FOX AND THE GRAPES

 

Once there was a fox. He was very hungry. He went here and there in search of food. Buthe did not find anything to eat. At last, he came to a garden. He saw some bunches of grapes hanging from a wall. His mouth watered on seeing them. He jumped again and again but could not reach them. At last, he went away saying, “The grapes are sour’’.

Moral: The grapes are sour.

OR

People pretend to dislike what they cannot.

 

A WOODCUTTER AND HIS AXE

 

Once there lived a poor woodcutter. One day he was cutting wood on the bank of a river. His axe fell into the river. He sat on the bank and began to weep. Suddenly an angel of mercy appeared. She asked the reason of his weeping. The woodcutter told the whole story. Mercury dived into the water and brought the golden axe. The woodcutter refused to takeit. Mercury again dived in to the water and brought the silver axe. The woodcutter did not take it either. Then she brought iron axe. The woodcutter took it gladly. Mercury was much pleased. He rewarded the woodcutter with the other axes.

Moral: Honesty is the best policy.

OR

Honesty never goes unrewarded

 

 

WHO BELL THE CAT

 

Once, a great number of mice lived in a shop. They ate the fresh, tasty wheat and bread etc. But shopkeeper was concerned about losses. So, he thought a plan. He bought a big fat cat in his shop. The cat began to catch the mice every day. This was a great cause of worry for them. They got together and started thinking. Finally, one mouse spoke up. We should tie a bell around the cat’s neck. When bell rings, we will know where the cat is? All the other mice liked the idea. An old mouse said, “Who will bell the cat?” None of the mice had an answer. An old mouse then said, “It is easier to talk to do.”

Moral: It is easier to talk to do.

 

THE HARE AND THE TORTOISE

 

Once, a hare saw a tortoise walking slowly. The hare was very proud and he asked the tortoise. “Shall we have a race?” The tortoise agreed. They started the running race. The hare ran very fast. But the tortoise walked very slowly. The proud hare rested under a tree and soon slept off. But the tortoise walked slowly and steadily and reached the goal. At last, the tortoise won the race.

Moral: Slow and steady win the race.

Moral: Never make fun of other.

OR Pride hath and fall.

 

UNION IS STRENGTH

 

Once, there was a farmer. He had four sons. They always quarreled with each other. One-day farmer called them. He asked them to bring a bundle of sticks. Then he asked them to break the bundles. They all tried but failed. Now he asked them to untie the bundle and break the sticks one by one. Now they break them easily. At this, farmer said. If you live like bundle united, nobody can harm you. After that, they never quarreled.

Moral: Union is Strength.

OR

United you stand, divided you fall.

 

 

THE LION AND THE MOUSE

 

A lion was sleeping in a forest. A mouse started playing on lion. The lion was disturbed.

It caught up the mouse and tried to crush the mouse. Then the mouse prayed to leave him off and assured that mouse would help him. The lion laughed at the mouse. One day the lion was caught in a net spread by a hunter. The lion roared and tried to escape but in vain. The mouse heard the lion's roaring and came there. Mouse start cutting the net with its teeth. The lion escaped and thanked the mouse.

Moral: Do good, have good.

 

PARENTS AS A BEST TEACHER

 

Parents shape their children from the beginning. They teach their children moral values. They share their interests with them. They develop close emotional ties with them. Parents can be very important teachers in their children's lives. A parent may be afraid of the child getting hurt. My Parents are guiding star for me. My parents are great. They ask to offer prayers five times a day. They ask to the Holy Quran daily. My parents are best teacher for us.

 

Moral: God loves those who love his fellowmen

 

 

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Essay writing for Classes; 5th& 8th

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MY SCHOOL

 

This is my school. Its name is GOVT Maddab primary school Kidar Pur MinchinAbad. It has three rooms. All the rooms are airy. There is a big play ground in it. There are twenty teachers and three hundred students in my school. All the teachers are very kind to students. The result of our school is always very good. I like my school very much.

 

MY BEST TEACHER

Mr. Imran Zafar is my best teacher. He is a BS (Hons), MPhil in Bioinformatics. He is about twenty six years old. He teaches us English. He is a very good teacher. He is hard working. He is punctual. His method of teaching is very good. He always advises us to work hard. I respect him very much. Our Principal and staff like him very much.

 

MY BEST FRIEND

 

Ali is my best friend. He is my class fellow. It is of my age. He lives near my house. His father is a doctor. His mother is a teacher. He has one brother and two sisters. He is an intelligent student. He stands first in the class. He is a regular and punctual. He always speaks the truth. I like him very much.

 

MY FAVORITE COUNTRY

 

Pakistan is my country. It came into being on the 14th August 1947. Pakistan has 5provinces. Pakistan is a nuclear power. The national language of Pakistan is Urdu. Pakistan is basically all agricultural country. Islamabad is the capital of Pakistan. I live in Minchin Abad province Punjab. I like my country very much. Pakistan is my Favorite country.

 

LITTLE GARDEN

 

We built a new house. I have a small garden in my House. I have grown flowers with beautiful colors. It is great joy to me to take care of my plants. In my rest I sit in my garden and watch the flowers. They refresh my mind. I feel glad and happy. My house looks very beautiful for my small garden. It gives me such a good feeling. I suggest every body to have a garden at his house.

 

MY HOUSE

 

House is the place where we are born and live. We built a new house. It has four rooms. There are six members in our family. I have a small garden in my House. I have grown flowers with beautiful colors. I daily go to morning walk in my garden. I feel glad and happy. My house looks very beautiful for my small garden. I suggest everybody to have a garden at his house.

 

A MORNING WALK

 

A morning walk is the best exercise. This time is very pleasant. I go for a morning walk regularly. I go to a park. The birds sing happily. I walk bare-foot on the grass. Morning walk gives me health. They refresh my mind. I feel glad and happy. Morning walk is a very good exercise. It purifies my blood. I enjoy the morning walk very much.

 

ROAD ACCIDENT

 

Last Sunday, I saw a road accident. The driver of a car lost his balance at a turn. He crashed into an electric pole. The driver was badly hurt. We helped him to come out of the car. He had received a big cut on the forehead. Soon he was carried away to the hospital. The driver was the only person in the car. The car was badly smashed. This is unhappiest incident of my life. This is also unhappiest day of my life.

 

A VISIT TO ANY PLACE (ZOO, MUSEUM, HOSPITAL)

 

Visit to _______ provide chance to enjoy life. Last Sunday, the weather was cool and pleasant. I went to ___________ with my family. All the arrangements were perfect. The weather was very perfect. Cool breeze was also blowing. I reached there after two hours. _____was beautiful built and maintain carefully. We saw many things there. We took rest for 20 minutes. I always like to visit ________. I enjoy visits to ____________very much. I never forget this visit. This is most memorable day of my life.

 

THE PET THAT I HAVE/ MY FAVORITE PET

 

I have a pet rabbit. Her name is Bunny. She is very cute. She plays with me. She hops when she is happy. We play running race. She runs very fast and wins. She loves to eat carrots. I love my pet rabbit very much. She is beautiful. She is handsome. This is an amazing thing that I have.

 

THE COW / THE GOAT

 

It is a cow / goat. It is a pet animal. It is of many colors. It has two eyes. It has two ears. It has two horns. It has a tail .It eats grass. It gives us milk. We eat its meat. It is very use ful animal. It is found everywhere.

 

 

THE CHAIR / THE TABLE

 

It is a chair/table. It is my chair / table. It is made of wood. A carpenter has made it. Its color is brown. It is a beautiful chair/table. Its price is five hundred rupees. I bought it from the bazaar. I like it very much.

 

THE PEN

It is a pen. It is my pen. It is to write. Its color is red. I bought it from the bazaar. Its price is fifty rupees. It has three parts. Its first part is nib, the second is holder and the third is the cap. The nib is made of steel. I keep it in my pocket. I keep it with care. I like it very much.

 

MY BOOK

 

It is a book. It is my book. It is an English book. It is made of papers. It has one hundred pages. It has many colorful pictures. It has a nice cover. I read it daily. It is a good book. I bought it from the bazaar. Its price is fifty rupees. I keep it I my school bag. I like it very much.

 

QUAID-E-AZAM

 

Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was born in Karachi on December 25, 1876.Punja Jinnah was his father. He was a rich merchant. He sent him to England to study Law. On his return to India, he joined the Indian National Congress. Quaid-e-Azam wanted to see India a free country. But he found at the Congress wanted Hindu Raj in India.  He then left the Congress and joined Muslim League. In 1940 he demanded that India should be divided into two states, India and Pakistan. As a result of his endless efforts Pakistan came into being on August 14, 1947.He died on September 11, and 1948.Hismotto is Faith, discipline and Unity. May Allah his soul rest in peace

 

ALLAMA MUHAMMAD IQBAL

 

Allama Muhammad Iqbal was born in Sialkot on November 9, 1877.His father Sheikh Noor Muhammad was a pious man. He was our national poet and a thinker. In 1930 at Allahabad he gave the idea of a separate homeland for the Muslims of India. He passed away on the 21st April,1938.He was buried near Badshahi Mosque in Lahore.

 

 

 

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Grammar for classes; 5th& 8th

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ALPHABETS

The letters from A to Z are called alphabets. These are 26 letters in English.

There are two types of letters. 1. Vowels 2. Consonants

 

Vowels: The letters which help other letters to make proper sound are called “Vowel”. Five letters

“a, e, i, o and u” are used as “Vowel”.

 

Consonants: Except vowels, all English letters are called “Consonants”.

There are 21 letters “b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y, z” are used as “Consonants”.

 

SENTENCE

A meaningful group of words is called a sentence.

 

Parts of a Sentence(SVO Pattern)

There are three parts of a sentence.

1. Subject: One who does some work is called a “Subject”.

2. Verb: A word which shows some action is called a “Verb”.

3. Object: Something on which some work is done is called an “Object”.

 

KINDS OF A SENTENCE (MEANING WISE)

 

Declarative (Positive) Sentence

A declarative sentence makes a statement. A declarative sentence ends with a full stop. Example:

My friends are waiting for me.

 

Interrogative Sentence

An interrogative sentence asks a question. An interrogative sentence ends with a question mark.

Example: Are you happy today?

 

Negative Sentence

The sentence that negates something is called a negative sentence. It ends with a full stop.

Example: You are not brave.

 

Imperative Sentence

An imperative sentence expresses a command or a request. It tells or asks someone to do something. It ends with a full stop.

Example: Call your friend. Please do not shout.

 

Exclamatory Sentence

An exclamatory sentence expresses excitement or strong feeling. It ends with a mark of exclamation (!) Example: What a pretty flower!

 

Optative Sentence

 

It expresses some desire, pray or curse. It ends with a mark of exclamation (!) Example: May you live long!

 

Syllable

 

Syllable is the smallest unit of sound in a word. Each syllable is formed with the blending of a vowel sound: (a,e,i,o,u) and consonant sounds. Syllable help in breaking words into smaller units for ease of spelling and pronunciation. The word Hotel has two syllable; Ho and tel.

Examples: 1 syllable (pen, gun) 2 syllable (wa-ter, ri-ver)

3 syllable (but-ter-fly, car-pen-ter, sa-tur-day, te-le-phone)

4 syllable (wa-ter-me-lon, cal-cu-la-tor, con-ver-ti-ble)

 

Rhyming words

 

Words which have same sounds are called rhyming words.

Examples: (bat, cat) (pen, hen) (king, ring) (book, cook) (duck, luck)

 

Articles (A, an and The)

 

It is a word that is used before a noun to show whether the noun refers to something specific or not. There are three articles.

1. Indefinite Articles (A and An)

A &an are used to refer to a singular nouns that are not specific or particular.

Use of “a”

Article “a” is used before a consonant sound.

Examples: a book, a kite, a chair, a uniform etc.

Use of “an”

Article “an” is used before a vowel sound.

Examples: an apple, an ant, an umbrella etc.

 

Definite Article (The)

Use of “the” The is used to refer to a specific or particular noun.

Examples: The Indus, The sun, The Holy Quran etc.

 

Digraph

Two letters of English which give a different sound when joined together are called digraph. Beginning Digraph Examples: Ship, Chart, There etc

Ending Digraph Examples: Path, Truth, Math etc

 

Hard and Soft Sounds of “C” and “G”

Letter “C” gives a hard sound of letter “K” when it is followed by “a”, “o” or “u”. When it is followed by “e”, “I” or “y” it gives soft sound of “S”. Similarly when “G” is followed by “a”, “o” or “u” it gives hard sound. When it is followed by “e”, “I” or “y” it gives soft sound of “J”.

Examples of Hard sound (C): cut, cat, cold etc.

Examples of Soft sound (C): city, cycle, cement etc.

Examples of Hard sound (G): God, gun, game etc.

Examples of Soft sound (G): germ, giant, gym etc.

 

NOUNS

 

Noun: A noun is a name of a person, place or thing.

Example: Ali, house, Lahore, table etc.

 

Common nouns: Common nouns talk about a general person, place or thing. They do not start with a capital letter. Examples: girl, chair

 

Proper nouns: Proper nouns talk about a special person, place or thing. They always start with a capital letter. Examples: Pakistan, Quaid-e-Azam etc.

 

Countable nouns: Countable nouns are those nouns that can be counted. Examples: book, cap, table etc.

 

Uncountable nouns: Uncountable nouns are those nouns that cannot be counted. Examples: gas, sugar, love, salt etc.

 

Collective nouns: Collective nouns are used to define a group of people, animals or things.

Examples: army, team, flock etc. Singular nouns: A singular noun names one person place or thing.

Examples: a pencil, a pen, a book etc.

 

Plural nouns: Plurals of nouns are formed in many different ways.

1. Add s to form the plural of most nouns:

Examples: desk—desks, computer—computers etc.

2. Add es to form the plural of nouns that end in s, sh, ch, or x.

Examples: bush—bushes, lunch—lunches, fox—foxes etc.

3. When a noun ends in a consonant followed by y, change the y to ies. Examples: lady—ladies, hobby—hobbies etc.

4. When a noun ends in a vowel followed by y add s. Examples: donkey—donkeys, valley--valleys etc.

5. For some nouns that end in f or fe, change the f to ves.

Examples: wife—wives, calf—calves etc.

 

Masculine nouns: A noun has a masculine gender if it refers to a man, boy or male animal.

Examples: brother, father, bull etc.

 

Feminine nouns: A noun has a feminine gender if it refers to a woman, girl or female animal.

Examples: sister, mother, cow etc.

 

PRONOUNS

A pronoun is a word that is used in place of a noun.

Examples: he, she, it, they, I, we or you etc.

 

SUBJECT PRONOUN

A subject pronoun is a pronoun that is used as the subject of a sentence. He, she, it, I, we, you and they are subject pronouns.

 

POSSESSIVE PRONOUN

Possessive pronouns are those pronouns that tell us who owns something. Mine, its, yours, ours and theirs are possessive pronouns.

 

OBJECT PRONOUN

An object pronoun is a pronoun that is used in place of a noun that receives the action of the verb. Example: her, him, it, me, them, us and you are object pronouns.

 

ADVERBS

An adverb can describe a verb, an adjective or another adverb in a sentence.

Examples: slowly, happily, loudly, softly, carefully or downstairs etc.

 

TYPES OF ADVERBS

 

MANNER: Adverbs of manner explain how something happens.

Examples: quietly, excitedly, happily, loudly, carefully, hard, well or fast etc

 

TIME: Adverbs of time explain when and how often something happens.

Examples: always, early, soon, today, later, now, tomorrow or sometime etc.

 

VERB

 

It is used to describe what action is being performed by the subject.

Examples: eat, sleep, drink, play, sit, stand, smile, read and write etc.

 

REGULAR VERBS: Regular verbs are those verbs whose past tense and past participles are formed by adding the suffix “-d” or “-ed”.(Roll-Rolled-Rolled).

 

IRREGULAR VERBS: Irregular verbs are those verbs that look completely different from the original in their past tense or past participle form.

Examples: (do—did—don) (eat—ate—eaten)

 

ADJECTIVES

 

It gives information about quantity, quality, size, shape, color or origin of an object.

 

QUANTITY: Adjectives can tell us how many nouns are being talked about in a sentence.

Examples: many, much, enough, some, fifty, whole, half or every etc.

 

QUALITY: Adjectives can tell us the nature of the noun that is being talked about in a sentence.

Examples: brave, sweet, beautiful, young, kind, famous or naughty etc.

 

SIZE: Adjectives can tell us how much space is occupied by the noun being talked about in a sentence. Examples: huge, small, big tiny, tall, short or large etc.

 

SHAPE: Adjectives can tell us about the form of the noun being talked about in a sentence.

Examples: square, round, oval, curved, rectangular, straight or narrow etc.

 

COLOUR: Adjectives can tell us about the color of the noun being talked about in a sentence.

Examples: bright, dull, black, dark, light, yellow, red, blue or green etc.

 

ORIGIN: Adjectives can tell us the source of the noun being talked about in a sentence.

Examples: Northern, Eastern, Pakistani, Indian, Hyderabadi or American etc.

 

PREPOSITIONS

 

Words that show location are called prepositions. Prepositions are helpful in showing where something is. Examples: above, at, before, behind, in, near, on, under, by, up or down etc.`

 

CONJUNCTIONS

 

The words “and”, “or” and “but” are called conjunction or joining words, because they help to join two parts of a sentence.

The word “and” is used when we want to add information to a sentence.

Example: I like tea and coffee.

The word “or” is used to show that we have a choice.

Example: You will have tea or coffee.

The word “but” is used to show information that is different or unexpected.

Example: Hassan likes fish but Tariq likes meat.

 

THE “WH” QUESTIONS

 

The “wh” questions help us seek information. They begin with one of the eight “wh” words.

WHAT: “What is your name?”

WHO: “Who is your best friend?”

WHERE: “Where are you going?”

WHEN: “When did you arrive home?”

WHY: “Why did you school miss school yesterday?”

WHOSE: “Whose bag is this?”

WHICH: “Which of these books is yours?”

Whom: “Whom did you see?”

HOW: “How are you feeling today?”

 

COMPOUND WORDS

 

A compound word is a word that is made up of two or more other words. For example the word sunflower is made up of two words: sun and flower. Some examples of compound words are: wheelchair, cupboard, and toothbrush.

 

PUNCTUATION AND CAPITALIZATION OF A SENTENCE

 

CAPITALIZITION:

 

We begin the first word of a sentence with a capital letter.

Capitalize proper noun and the pronoun I in a sentence.

Example: My brother and I study in Lahore.

 

PUNCTUATION:

 

We use a period of full-stop (.) at the end of a statement a command.

Example: Water is a precious thing.

We use a question mark (?) at the end of a question.

Example: What is your name?

We use an exclamation mark (!) at the end of an exclamation sentence.

Example: How pretty is the child!

 

SUBJECT-VERB-OBJECT

 

Most sentences contain a subject, verb and object.

SUBJECT: The subject is the person or thing carrying out an action.

VERB: The verb is the action.

OBJECT: The object that is the person or thing involved in the action, but not carrying it out.

Example: Ali eats an ice cream.

“Ali” is subject, “eats” is verb and “ice cream” is object.

FIRST PERSON: Singular is I and plural is we.

SECOND PERSON: Singular and plural is you.

THIRD PERSON: Singular (he, she, it) and plural is they.

 

USE OF HAS/HAVE

 

Has is used for one person. Have is used for more than one person.

If pronoun is singular, such as he, she or it , we used the word has.

If pronoun is plural, such as we or they, we used the word have.

Special singular pronouns, such as you or I also used the word have.

 

USE OF IS / AM / ARE

 

IS and AM is used for one person. ARE is used for more than one person.

If pronoun is singular, such as he, SHE or IT, we used the word is.

If pronoun is plural, such as you, we or they, we used the word are.

Special singular pronoun, such as I, we used the word am.

 

 

 

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Tenses for Classes: 5th& 8th

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THE PRESENT INDEFINITE TENSE

 

The present tense of a verb shows that the action happens regularly.

Subject + Verb (1st Form) + object

For the 3rd person singular (he, she, it) we add s or es to the main verb.

If verb ends with “ch, sh, ss, o or x” we used “es” otherwise “s”

For example: 1. we write a letter. 2. He writes a letter.

 

THE PAST INDEFINITE TENSE

 

The past tense of a verb shows that the action has happened in the past.

Subject + Verb (2nd Form) + object

For example: He wrote a letter.

 

THE FUTURE INDEFINITE TENSE

 

The future tense of a verb shows that the action will happen.

Subject + Helping verb (will / shall) + Verb(1st Form) + object

For example: 1. we shall write a letter. 2. He will write a letter.

 

THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

 

The present continuous tense shows an action, which is happening in this very moment

Subject + Helping verb (is / am / are) + Verb (1st Form + ing) + object

For example: 1. we are writing a letter. 2. He is writing a letter.

 

THE PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE

The past continuous tense shows an action, which had been happening before

Subject + Helping verb (was / were) + Verb (1st Form + ing) + object

For example: 1. we were writing a letter. 2. He was writing a letter.

 

THE FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE

 

                         The future continuous tense shows an action which is will happen.

Subject + Helping verb (shall be / will be) + Verb (1st Form + ing) + object

For example: 1. we shall be writing a letter. 2. He will be writing a letter.

 

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Prepared By: Mr. Imran Zafar

Call: 923016547807

GOVT. MODAB PRIMARY SCHOOL (GMPS) KIDARPUR, MINCHINABAD BAHAWALNAGAR

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<Academy of Expert Writer>

<About CEO>


Mr. Imran Zafar has completed his Bachelor of Science (BS) degree in Bioinformatics from COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Islamabad Sahiwal campus under supervision of Dr. Ahmad Ali and Master of Science (MS) in Bioinformatics from Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, Virtual University of Pakistan, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan under supervision of Dr. Muhammad Tariq Pervez. For research work during BS and MS he has also done internships from School of biological Science (SBS), University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (UVAS) and Center of Excellence in molecular biology (CEMB) Lahore. He has published several research articles and book computers in reputed journals recognized from Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan.  His research is mainly focused on the field of Bioinformatics, Genomics, Computational Biology and Molecular Biology in the domain of life science to performed computational analysis. He is now working in Ministry of Education as a Science subject instructor in the Department of Education Punjab, Pakistan.

 

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