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Saturday, 1 May 2021

Professional courses in Fisheries Science

 Professional courses in Fisheries Science


Fisheries Science

Highlights of topic:-

1. What is Fisheries Science?

2. Professional Courses in Fisheries Science 

3. What is B.F.Sc (Bachelor of Fisheries Science)?

4. Eligibility of B.F.Sc 

5. Opportunities after doing B.F.Sc 

6. Different colleges and Universities of Fisheries Science

7. Higher education in Fisheries Science



  • Introduction

Fisheries Science is described as "the academic discipline of fisheries management and comprehension." It is a multidisciplinary science focused on aquaculture disciplines such as Fish farming, Fish genetics, Fish biotechnology, Fish nutrition, fisheries resources management, diagnosis of fish diseases, and medicine. Aquatic animal care, fish processing (curing, canning, freezing), and importance assessment. Furthermore, by-product and waste recycling, quality assurance and registration, fisheries microbiology, and fisheries biochemistry; Management of fishery infrastructure, including genetics, morphology, taxonomy, physiology, and population dynamics; Oceanography, limnology, geography, fisheries and water pollution are all aspects of the fishing climate. Fishing technology, including machinery and boat technology, navigation and seamanship, and marine engines; Fishery economics and administration, as well as fishing growth.


Fisheries education in India, which began in 1961 with the establishment of the Central Institute of Fisheries Education in Mumbai for on-the-job training and later with the establishment of the first Mangalore Fisheries College under the system of The State Agricultural University (SAU) in 1969 has flourished and over the past four decades has grown into a professional discipline consisting of undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate programs in various fields of fisheries science. Currently, 31 fisheries colleges offer four-year Bachelor of Fisheries Science (B.F.Sc) programs, ten offer Masters in Fisheries Science (M.F.Sc) programs in different fields, and offer doctorate programs.


Eligibility to participate:

Since the degree in fisheries science is a science degree, you must have studied science subject with biology up to 12th standard. The selection process occurs either through a state entrance test or through an all-India Council of Agricultural Research


ICAR exam

(ICAR) exam at the national level. After completing B.F.Sc, candidates, you will pursue M.F.Sc and Ph.D. degrees.


                                                           

       Professional Fisheries courses: Total Credits: 185 credits (B.F.Sc)

                                                        

Fisheries courses

    

Ph.D.

In the above Master's courses, Ph.D. is also carried out or done 


Opportunities for Fisheries Graduates:

                                         

                                

Fisheries Graduates


Every state government has a fisheries department where a fisheries graduate may apply for positions such as Fisheries Inspector / Research Assistants, Fisheries Sub-Inspector, Assistant Directors, Fisheries Development Assistant (AFDO) / Fisheries Extension Officer (FEO), and Fisheries Development Officer (FDO). They will apply for positions as deputy directors, supervisors, project officers, and fisheries officers in national fisheries production companies. They will apply for executive positions in the trout, the Farmers Development Agency (FFDA), and the Brackish Water Farmers Development Agency (BFDA) in their respective states.


Eligibility criteria vary for each state and may be known to the respective public service commissions.


Besides the Central Fisheries Institute, one can find employment in central agencies such as technical officers and deputy directors of the Export Inspection Agency (EIA) of the Product Export Development Authority and Marine (MPEDA), Coastal Aquaculture Authority of India.


Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) and as Technical and Scientific Officers in Indian Fisheries Investigation (FSI), National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), Indian National Center for Ocean and Information Services (INCOIS), Hyderabad, etc.


Candidates with a diploma (BFSc) can apply to certain traditional universities for positions such as a lecturer, research associate, biochemist, biologist, technicians, etc. Candidates with a Postgraduate Diploma (MFSc) are eligible to apply for Assistant Professor in the Faculty. The Council Recruitment of Agricultural Scientists (ASRB) conducts a competitive exam for All India, Agricultural Research Service (ARS), followed by an oral examination for recruitment as scientists in various agricultural and fisheries institutions under ICAR.


Fisheries graduates can get jobs as development assistants at NABARD, rural development officers, field officers, and managers of agricultural loans section in national and private banks.


Applicants can be hired as managers or agents in the following seafood production and export units: The country's fish processing industry is well established. There are approximately 236 EU-approved processing plants and 33 patented cold storage facilities (only for fish and fishery products). There are also 215 ice factories, 481 shrimp peeling factories, 371 freezing factories, 495 cold storage units, seven canneries, 16 fishmeal factories, 11 surimi factories, and an agar-agar processing plant. There are many career opportunities in the divisions mentioned above. Aqua Consultants are popular because of their technical expertise as experienced fishing graduates. Most of the work in this sector and after earning a technical diploma in B.F.Sc, the applicant, will start his own business as an entrepreneur. NABARD or other nationalized banks may provide financial assistance.


Manufacturing of animal feed, distribution of animal feed, cultivation and breeding of ornamental fish, aquaculture, hatcheries and seed production, processing and selling of fish, manufacture of nets, the establishment of agricultural clinics for the diagnosis of fish diseases and testing and supply of agricultural inputs are the key areas in which the fishing industry can be established. There is a market for fishing professionals in the aquaculture and manufacturing industries in Gulf countries and Africa, for fishing education in countries such as the United States, Canada, Australia, Japan, China, and European countries. Several fisheries graduates are doing business in foreign countries in aquaculture, fish production, export, and import.


The credit for Writing the above article goes to Bamaniya Pinak Kamlesh Bhai, Third-year student 

College of Fisheries Science, Veraval -Gujarat 

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